The Doctor Is In: Diabetes Awareness

Content provided is sponsored by Henry Ford Health System.

HENRY FORD EXPERTS:
Arti Bhan, M.D.
Division head of Endocrinology, Henry Ford Health System
Elizabeth Swenor, D.O.
Functional medicine physician, Henry Ford Health System
Maria Conley
Registered dietitian in functional medicine, Henry Ford Health System

ABOUT DIABETES
More than 29 million people in the United States have diabetes.  One in four don’t know they are diabetic.

More than 84 million US adults-over a third-have pre-diabetes, and 90% of them don’t
know they have it.

Henry Ford has a Diabetes Prevention Program, aimed at helping those with
pre-diabetes to avoid developing Type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes is the 7th leading cause of death in the United States.

Type 2 diabetes accounts for about 90% to 95% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes; type
1 diabetes accounts for about 5%.

In the last 20 years, the number of adults diagnosed with diabetes has more than tripled
as the American population has aged and become more overweight or obese.

Many people have diabetes without realizing it, because the condition often shows no
symptoms in its early stages.

All adults should be screened for diabetes every 3 years, beginning at age 45.

People with the following risk factors should begin screening at an earlier age and more
regularly than 3 years:
Obesity
High blood pressure
High cholesterol
A family history of diabetes
In women, a history of gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy)

Types of diabetes screening tests include:
Hemoglobin A1C test for type 2 diabetes
Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test
Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)
Treatment

Patients with diabetes should know their ABCs and talk to their healthcare providers to
know what their goals are for each:
A1C
Blood pressure
Cholesterol

Patients with diabetes should also try strive to achieve the three S’:
Smoking cessation
Stress reduction
Sleeping an adequate amount (Ideally 6-8 hours for most people)

Henry Ford Function Medicine dietitian, Maria Conley, shares a plant-based alternative to a
traditional diner breakfast.

Instead of bacon, eggs, toast and hash browns, try tofu scramble, potato and a pepper & onion
medley prepared with spices that are believed to offer health benefits. Maria demonstrates this
recipe and offers other breakfast options and snacks to help patients control their diabetes.
Dr. Elizabeth Swenor, functional medicine physician at Henry Ford, explains the scientific and
anecdotal evidence of the positive effects of a plant-based diet on diabetes management.

Scrambled Tofu
4-6 servings

1 block firm tofu, drained well
1/2 Tablespoon oil
1/4-1/2 teaspoon garlic powder
1 teaspoon turmeric
1/8 teaspoon oregano
3 sprigs green onion
1 cup fresh spinach
1/4 cup cilantro, chopped
Salt and pepper to taste 

Crumble tofu with fork. Heat oil in pan. Add crumbled tofu into pan. Season with garlic powder, turmeric and oregano. Stir in green onions and spinach. Once spinach is wilted, add in cilantro. Season with salt and pepper to taste. 

Colorful Home Fries
4 servings 

2 Tablespoons oil
1 large sweet potato, diced
3 yellow potatoes, diced 
1/2 teaspoon garlic powder
1/4 teaspoon cayenne pepper
Salt and pepper to taste

Heat oil in pan. Add potatoes to pan. Season with garlic powder and cayenne pepper. Cook potatoes until tender. Season with salt and pepper to taste. 


Pepper Medley
4 servings 

1/2 Tablespoon oil
1 onion, chopped
3 bell peppers, variety of colors, chopped
3 garlic cloves, minced
1/8 teaspoon oregano
Salt and pepper to taste 

Heat oil in pan. Add onion and peppers. Cook until almost tender. Add garlic and oregano. Season with salt and pepper to taste. 

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